Workshop 3.1

Workshop 3.1 Fragmented Tyrannies: The Nexus of Corruption and Extreme Violence 

Stream 1 Peace & Security

Coordinator: Shaazka Beyerle, Senior Advisor, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict

Date: Friday 14:00 to 16:00
Location: MC 3

This session will focus on developing societies in Africa and the Americas where citizens not ruled by authoritarian regimes nonetheless have the subjective experience of living under the equivalent of tyranny-- because of the cumulative effects of organized violence (from gangs, paramilitaries, and security forces) that inhibit the freedom of civilians, and the refusal or inability of authorities to furnish human security, often due to corruption by police and officials.

In these "fragmented tyrannies," alleviating poverty and injustice is usually extremely slow. Violent insurgents use these issues to justify their action, which only sustains the cycle of violence. But violence is a high-cost, high-risk strategy for change. As well, corruption can be an enabler of violent groups, who engage in illicit activities to make money and acquire weapons.

A recent article in International Security found that violent campaigns have succeeded historically in only 26 percent of all cases, compared to 53 percent in the case of nonviolent, civilian-based campaigns. This shows that people themselves -- who increasingly see the nexus of violent insurgency, crime and corruption as a new tyranny -- can move from being victims and bystanders to becoming a force for transforming their societies.

In this session, scholars and civic activists will explore the dynamics of strategic nonviolent action, to show how it can dissolve the social and political support needed by corrupt authorities, force governments to provide human security, and thus model a new way to end fragmented tyrannies and accelerate economic and social progress.

Moderator: Vanessa Ortiz, Director, Civic and Field Relations, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict
Rapporteur: Shaazka Beyerle, Senior Advisor, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict

Panellists:
Kingsley Bangwell,
Team Leader and Founder of Youngstars Foundation Int.
Jack Duvall, President, International Center on Nonviolent Conflict
Stephen Zunes, Professor of Politics, Chair of Middle East Studies Program, University of San Francisco